CBD (short for cannabidiol) is a chemical compound found in cannabis. It is the second most prevalent active compound found in cannabis, behind THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), which is the compound in cannabis that has psychoactive properties and gives people a high.
Cannabis is a plant, and there are two main types, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Sativa. Both marijuana and CBD can be derived from both types, but hemp is only derived from Cannabis Sativa. CBD derived from hemp contains no more than 0.3% THC. There is no evidence it has any abuse or dependence potential and to date, there is no evidence that it is associated with any serious side effects, according to the World Health Organization.
Instead, CBD has been credited with the possibility of relieving numerous medical conditions, such as epilepsy, anxiety, inflammation, insomnia, and pain. Although “credited” does not mean proven, CBD users claim that CBD does have a positive effect on their wellbeing by soothing the nervous system and by fighting against stress. Moreover, CBD is claimed to have a second anti-inflammatory effect. It can thus be used in case of pain.